Shade is a hot commodity around our house. Very few areas are considered full shade because the length of the house faces north/south. Afternoon shaded areas are usually sunny in the mornings.
So, we have a thin strip near the back of the house (off the edge of the deck) that can grow part shade or full shade plants. Which is fine with me, because there aren’t as many shade plants to choose from. I’ve imagined a hosta/bleeding heart/lily of the valley/hydrangea/coral bells garden. So that was my starting point, but I wanted to find a few more to add more interest. Here’s my list:
1. Bleeding Heart is a delicate, arching spring blooming perennial that can grow up to three feet tall. Prefers cool conditions and is deer resistant. After blooming, foliage dies off. To prevent a bare spot, plant near other perennials.
2. Hostas are the most popular shade perennial in the United States, and for good reason; easy to grow, low maintenance, and striking leaves. Best in zones 4-8, typical height is 12 inches to 30 inches wide.
Thanks to a friend, I’ve already got a few hosta plants in the back. And one nice hydrangea, but another isn’t looking too hot. After we wrap up the siding, I can fill in areas closer to the house with more hosta plants, and perhaps a few more from this list.
3. Hellebore plants bloom in late winter and early spring, making it a fun choice for gardens. These deer resistant flowers grow in zones 4-8, reaching 24 inches tall and wide.
4. Creeping Jenny is a low-growing ground cover with round bright green leaves. This fast grower prefers part sun and grows about 4 inches tall and 24 inches wide in zones 3-9.
A few Creeping Jenny live in the rock planter. When the large shrub fills in, the branches give the plants enough shade to thrive in an otherwise full sun area.
5. Astible has large flower clumps that bloom in the summer. Can reach 36 inches tall and wide in zones 4-9 and are deer resistant.
6. Wild Ginger grows, well, wild in the Eastern half of the U.S. It can be difficult to track down at a nursery, but are easily transplanted from forests.
7. Ajuga is also tricky to find locally, but plants can be purchased online. Thrives in part shade and can tolerate full shade and moderately dry areas. With a mature height of 6 inches, this groundcover attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Great in zones 4-9, and can stay evergreen in areas with mild winters.
8. Heucherella is a low-growing (8 inches) groundcover, but is also used as spiller in potted arrangements. Fast growing, and sprouts short spikes of coral flowers in mid-spring in zones 4-9.
9. Coral Bells are similar to Heucherella, but are easier to find at large home improvement stores. With a mounding habit, these colorful leaves don’t overtake a garden. Grow 24 inches wide and tall in zones as cold as 4. Also have delicate flowers in spring.
10. Lily of the Valley has dense green foliage with dainty white scallop-edged flowers in the spring. Spreads rapidly in moist soil, but dry soil can help prevent spreading. Performs best in zones 4-8.
Below the windows, I plan to add some low-growing plants; lily of the valley, coral bells, and creeping Jenny.
11. Sweet Woodruff is a fast spreading, low growing ground cover. With shallow roots, it is perfect under shade trees where grass can’t thrive. Mature height of 8 inches with tiny white flowers in late spring and early summer in zones 4-8.
12. Epimedium originated in Japan. This part sun plant has large heart-shaped leaves with spiky flowers in the spring. Reaches 14 inches tall and is best in zones 4-8. I have yet to find this locally, but have found great options online.
If you’re looking for full sun plants, here are twelve that are on my radar. Of course, feel free to add your suggestions and favorites, too.
6 thoughts on “Forecast: Shade Plants”
Are you suggesting that people take plants such as wild ginger from forests? I guess you’ve never heard “take only pictures, leave only footprints”.
No, not taking these plants from forests. Instead, if these plants grow naturally on a property you/a friend/family member own, then ask to transplant it. Don’t just go digging around a forest to get plants. Although, the Forest Service does allow legal removal of plants. Some require permits, but if the supply isn’t limited, removal can be free with permission. Here’s a link with more info: http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/ethics/permit.shtml
Also, they might be boring, but they’d make nice ground cover in an area that otherwise has difficulty growing, say grass for instance.
I have no doubt some of the plants on this list won’t work in our climate. If Wild Ginger grows only in wet climates, it wouldn’t survive here. I’m suggesting plants to people in other climates, too.
The hydrangea is dry not from soil issues; I got it from a friend and had to wait a month to plant it because it would have been in the way when siding. It has small new growth, so it should survive as long as I can keep it watered in these hot months.
Thanks for your feedback and concerns. 🙂
And besides how wrong and unethical it is to take plants from the wild… Most of these plants are invasive species, if not just incredibly boring. Few would work in your climate and with the horrible soil and scree you’ve created for yourself. Look at how burnt up your hydrangea is!
Thanks for the link about permits. I didn’t know about that! Though Bonnie’s points are valid, I felt her sharing of them could have been done more politely. To me, plantings well done are never boring. You put a lot of thought into what you want your landscape to be, so I am confident that it will be looking pretty good at some point in the future.
Last week I drove across Montana while on vacation and was struck by the beauty of the open, big sky area. Perhaps there are some native plants that will do well even in the shade? You’ve come a long, long way in transforming your home and yard. Congratulations.
Hi Barbara H!
You’re welcome! Isn’t Montana beautiful? The big, open skies are certainly amazing. I’ve yet to discover any native shade plants. All the ones I know of are sun plants, so it’s tricky.
Some of my favorite plants but nothing beats a great selection of all kinds of different hostas.